Life cycle assessment of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia

Shafie, S.M.A.; Masjuki, H.H.; Mahlia, T.M.I. (2014) Life cycle assessment of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia. Energy, 70. pp. 401-410. ISSN 03605442

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Abstract

This paper presents an application of LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) with a view to analyzing the environment aspects of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia. It also compares rice straw-based power generation with that of coal and natural gas. GHG (Greenhouse gas) emission savings were calculated. It finds that rice straw power generation can save GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions of about 1.79kg CO2-eq/kWh compared to coal-based and 1.05kg CO2-eq/kWh with natural gas based power generation. While the development of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia is still in its early stage, these paddy residues offer a large potential to generate electricity because of their availability. Rice straw power plants not only could solve the problem of removing rice straw from fields without open burning, but also could reduce GHG emissions that contribute to climate change, acidification, and eutrophication, among other environmental problems. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
  1. Shafie, S.M.A.
  2. Masjuki, H.H.(Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia )
  3. Mahlia, T.M.I.
Journal or Publication Title: Energy
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon dioxide; Climate change; Eutrophication; Life cycle; Natural gas; Power generation Emission saving; Environmental problems; Generate electricity; Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Malaysia; Natural gas based; Open burning; Rice straws
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Zanaria Saupi Udin
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2014 14:54
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2014 14:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10698

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