A review of philosophical assumptions in management research

Wong, K.M. and Musa, G. and Wong, E.S.K. (2011) A review of philosophical assumptions in management research. African Journal of Business Management, 5 (29). pp. 11546-11550. ISSN 1993-8233


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Epistemology, a branch of philosophy, examines and contributes as a theory of knowledge by considering the nature and definition of knowledge as being truth within certain limitations while ontology defines the nature of being, entities that can exist and their categories in groups, hierarchies, or divisions. The main aim of this paper is to embrace on the pre-understanding of epistemology and ontology, regardless of their schools of thought as it will provide them the proper guidance and a philosophical dualist perspective. Four domains of epistemic assumptions have been identified but one is incoherent due to the mismatch between epistemology and ontology. Though each epistemic assumption has its own interpretation in management research, there is no particular domain that can be considered right or wrong, perfect or imperfect. A proper and effective research design is the major concern in management research, where the researcher’s epistemic and methodological self-directed actions or reflexivity may put an essence in it.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya
Uncontrolled Keywords: Philosophy; Epistemology; Ontology; Reflexivity; Management research
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BD Speculative Philosophy
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy > Dept of Business Policy and Strategy
Depositing User: Ms. Wati Yusuf
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2014 01:42
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2015 01:17
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10441

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