Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in Graves’ disease: its association to thyroid status and thyroid receptor stimulating antibodies

Ismail, I.S. and Wan Mohamud, W.N. and Jan, T.H. and Kamaruddin, N.A. and Abdul Kadir, K. (2004) Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in Graves’ disease: its association to thyroid status and thyroid receptor stimulating antibodies. International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2. pp. 66-73. ISSN 1726-913X

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Abstract

Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(sVCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) have been shown to be elevated in patients with Graves’ disease and may play significant roles in the pathogenesis of the disease. The objective of this study was to measure the levels of sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, IL-6 and thyroid receptor stimulating antibodies (TRAb) in a cohort of hyperthyroid patients and determine their associations to thyroid hormones status, before and after 3 months therapy with carbimazole. Patients were given fixed daily dose of 20 mg carbimazole for 3 months and blood samples were collected at baseline and end of the study. Thirty-eight patients were recruited from the Endocrine Clinic, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, consisting of 26 females and 12 males, age ranging from 16 to 65 years. Blood samples collected before and at end of study were analysed for TSH, Free T3, Free T4, thyroid receptor stimulating antibodies (TRAb), sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 and IL-6. TRAb level of ≤10 U/L was taken to be negative, while TRAb level of >10 U/L was considered as positive. Twenty-six patients (68%) were TRAb positive (TRAb+) and 12 patients (30%) were TRAb negative (TRAb-). Median TRAb in TRAb+ patients was 23 U/L at baseline, declining to 16.7 U/L (p<0.001) in the third 3 month. Serum sVCAM-1 levels were significantly elevated in TRAb+ patients compared to TRAb- (860 versus 499 ng/mL, p<0.001). The level decreased significantly to 537 ng/mL with treatment but remained higher than in TRAb- patients (p=0.003). Irrespective of TRAb status, all but one patient had elevated serum sICAM-1 levels that remained unaffected by carbimazole therapy. In contrast, IL-6 levels of hyperthyroid patients were within the reference range of 1.4-14.1 pg/mL. Baseline and post-treatment sVCAM-1, and not TRAb levels, were significantly correlated to thyroid hormones. Compared to other inflammatory markers, sVCAM-1 showed significant correlation to thyroid stimulating antibodies and was most sensitive to changes in thyroid status. The significance of these findings in relation to Graves’ disease warrants further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: University Malaya Medical Center
Uncontrolled Keywords: VCAM-1; Graves’ disease; TRAb; Inflammation
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Izzan Ramizah Idris
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2014 02:22
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2014 02:22
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10295

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