Antibiotics for URTI and UTI Prescribing in Malaysian primary care settings

Teng, C.L. and Tong, S.F. and Khoo, E.M. and Lee, V. and Zailinawati, A.H. and Mimi, O. and Chen, W.S. and Nordin, S. (2011) Antibiotics for URTI and UTI Prescribing in Malaysian primary care settings. Australian Family Physician, 40 (5). pp. 325-329. ISSN 0300-8495

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Background Overprescription of antibiotics is a continuing problem in primary care. This study aims to assess the antibiotic prescribing rates and antibiotic choices for upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and urinary tract infections (UT)) in Malaysian primary care. Method Antibiotic prescribing data for URTI and UTI was extracted from a morbidity survey of randomly selected primary care clinics in Malaysia. Results Analysis was performed of 1163 URTI and 105 UTI encounters. Antibiotic prescribing rates for URTI and UTI were 33.8 and 57.1 respectively. Antibiotic prescribing rates were higher in private clinics compared to public clinics for URTI, but not for UTI. In URTI encounters, the majority of antibiotics prescribed were penicillins and macrolides, but penicillin V was notably underused. In UTI encounters, the antibiotics prescribed were predominantly penicillins or cotrimoxazole. Discussion Greater effort is needed to bring about evidence based antibiotic prescribing in Malaysian primary care, especially for URTIs in private clinics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: General practice, Prescriptions, Drug; Upper Respiratory Tract Infection; Urinary Tract Infection; Antibiotics, guideline; Evidence based medicine
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2014 04:08
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2014 04:08

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